Understanding the Basics of Law

Law is a set of rules that govern social, economic, and political activities. It is enforced by social institutions and government. It also shapes history and politics.

Common legal issues include immigration, housing, debt, consumer rights, and more. A lawyer can help you resolve your problem.

Legal issues can arise suddenly or from planned events. The result of a legal issue depends on the court’s interpretation of the law.

Laws may be based on statutes, constitutions, or case law. Generally, a legal system can be divided into civil law, common law, or international law.

A common law legal system is a system of legal rules that are explicitly acknowledged by the court. This type of system is typically shorter. This type of system is based on the doctrine of precedent, meaning that a court’s decision binds future decisions by other courts.

A civil law legal system is based on the concept of case law. This system involves less detailed judicial decisions and requires fewer judicial precedents.

The International Court of Justice is the primary dispute settlement body of the United Nations. It was founded in 1946. It has issued many judgments and advisory opinions.

The concept of “natural law” emerged in ancient Greek philosophy and was revived in the works of Thomas Aquinas. This concept is still used today. The Quran, Islamic Sharia, and Ijma are sources of further law through analogy, consensus, and reasoning.

International law can be categorized into private and public international law. There is also the law of supranational organizations.