Technology is the tools and machines that help solve real-world problems. It can include everything from hand tools, such as a crowbar or wooden spoon, to complex machines, like space stations and particle accelerators. It also includes intangible things, such as computer software and business methods.
The word technology comes from the Greek “technia,” meaning art or skill, combined with the Latin noun virtus, meaning courage and strength. While technology is an important part of society, it has both positive and negative effects.
Among the most significant positive effects of technology is the ability to do many tasks at a much faster rate than human beings. This allows for several-fold increases in production, which can lead to increased income. Machines also do tasks with more accuracy and fewer mistakes than humans.
Other positive effects of technology are the development of medicines, which can improve or save lives. It has also led to greater understanding of the natural world, such as weather systems, genetic patterns, and more.
In education, technology has made it possible to provide students with a variety of learning resources at the click of a button. This helps to ensure that every student gets what they need to succeed. It also saves teachers time and money on various classroom supplies, such as paper planners, notebooks, and educational outings.
Negative effects of technology may include the potential for environmental damage, which can be caused by using chemicals and pesticides on crops or by dumping waste products into waterways. The dangers of technology are often portrayed in dystopian novels, such as Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World and Anthony Burgess’ A Clockwork Orange. Among more contemporary examples, we can point to the work of Theodore Kaczynski, who wrote a series of letters and manifestos against industrial technology.