Law is a system of rules that are enforced by social institutions and governments. It is a legal discipline that shapes our society and economics. Often, laws are made by governments, but they are also created by individual legislators.
Law covers a wide range of issues, from personal rights to immigration and housing problems. It is important for citizens to follow laws, and to know how the law is applied to their lives. If you break a law, you could face fines and jail time.
There are three basic categories of law. These are civil law, case law, and statutes. Each category of law has its own features. The first category, case law, is based on precedents. This means that decisions made by the court in one case apply to future cases. In common law, the authority of a particular case is affected by the age of the decision and the facts of the case.
The second category, statutes, is written abstractly. Unlike case law, statutes are not based on concrete facts, but rather on the decisions of the judicial branch. Statutes are usually written to deal with a single case.
A third category of law, civil procedure, deals with the rules of courts. Rules are usually applied evenly. Examples include the regulations on water, electricity, and telecoms.
There are many different legal systems in the world. These range from the U.S. antitrust law to Chinese law. However, they all share some similarities.